coat of arms

A.D. 1758 . . . .        No 727.

Manufacture of Dye Colours.


G. & C. GORDON'S SPECIFICATION.

        TO ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME, GEORGE GORDON, Copper Smith, and CUTHBERT GORDON, Merchant, both of Leith, in the County of Midlothian, in that part of Great Britain called Scotland, send greeting.

WHEREAS His present Majesty King George the Second, by His Letters Patent under the Great Seal of Great Britain, bearing date at Westminster, the Twelth day of August now last past, reciteing that we, the said George Gordon and Cuthbert Gordon had, by our Petition, humbly represented unto His said Majesty that, after great study, application, pains, and expence, both of time and money, in trying various experiments, we had found out "A MOST VALUABLE AND BENEFICIAL DYE, WHICH WE CALL CUDBEAR; WHICH SAID DYE IS OF THE MOST EFFICACIOUS NATURE IN DYING CRIMSON AND PURPLE, SO AS IN GREAT MEASURE TO SUPPLY THE USE OF THE ARCHELIA OR SPANISH WEED, AND IS INTIRELY COMPOSED OF MATERIALS THE PRODUCE OF GREAT BRITAIN OR OF HIS MAJESTY'S PLANTATIONS;" and that we verily beleived the composition and efficacy of the said dye was totally unknown to mankind, save to us, who are the sole Inventors thereof; and are (as we verily beleive) intirely possessed of its efficacious and good qualities; that we therefore humbly prayed His Majesty that he would grant unto us, our executors, administrators, and assigns, His Royal Letters Patent under the Great Seal of Great Britain, for the sole preparing, vending, and selling the said dye within His said Majesty's Dominions for the term of fourteen years, according to the Statute in that case made and provided; and that His said Majesty, being willing to give encouragement to all arts and inventions which might be for the publick good, was gratiously pleased to condescend to our request, and did therefore, of His especiall grace, certain knowledge, and meer motion, by the said Letters Patent, for Him, His heirs and successors, give and grant to us, the said George Gordon and Cuthbert Gordon, our executors, administrators, and assigns, His especial licence, full power, sole priviledge and authority, that we, the said George Gordon and Cuthbert Gordon, our executors, administrators, and assigns, and every of us, by ourselves, or by our deputy or deputies, servants or agents, or such others as we, the said George Gordon and Cuthbert Gordon, our executors, administrators, and assigns, should at any time agree with, and no others, from time to time and at all times thereafter during the term of years therein expressed, should and lawfully might make, use, exercise, and vend their said Invention within that part of His said Majesty's Kingdom of Great Britain called England, His Dominion of Wales, and Town of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and also in His said Majesty's Plantations and Colonys in America, in such manner as to us, the said George Gordon and Cuthbert Gordon, our executors, administrators, and assigns, or any of us, should in our discretion seem meet; and that we, the said George Gordon and Cuthbert Gordon, our executors, administrators, and assigns, should and lawfully might have and enjoy the whole profit, benefit, comodity, and advantage from time to time coming, growing, accrewing, and arising, by reason of the said Invention, for and during the term of years therein mentioned, to have, hold, exercise, and enjoy the said licence, powers, priviledges, and advantages therein-before granted or mentioned to be granted unto us, the said George Gordon and Cuthbert Gordon, our executors, administrators, and assigns, for and during and unto the full end and term of fourteen years from the date of the said Letters Patent next and immediately ensuing, and fully to be compleat and ended, according to the Statute in such case made and provided; in which said Letters Patent is contained a proviso in the words or to the effect following (that is to say): - Provided also, that if the said George Gordon and Cuthbert shall not particularly describe and ascertain of the nature of their said Invention, and in what manner the same is to be performed, by an instrument in writing under their hands and seals, and cause the same to be inrolled in Our High Court of Chancery within four kalendar months after the date of these Our Letters Patent, that then Our Letters Patent, and all liberties and advantages whatsoever thereby granted, shall utterly cease, determine, and become void, anything herein-before contained to the contrary thereof in anywise notwithstanding, as by the said in part recited Letters Patent, relation being thereunto had, may more fully appear.

        NOW KNOW YEE, that we, the said George Gordon and Cuthbert Gordon, in compliance with the terms of the said proviso, do hereby describe and ascertain the nature of our said Invention, and in what manner the same is to be performed, as follows (that is to say):-
The name of the first ingredient, of which the same is composed, is lichen, being a vegetable that grows on rocks or very large stones. The name of the second ingredient is muscus rupibus admiscens, or coroloides, being a weed, plant, or vegetable that mostly grows on shattered rocks or very large stones where it can have a small portion of earth. The name of the third ingredient is muscus pyxidatus, being a weed, plant, or vegetable that grows in low, moorish, turfy grounds. When these three ingredients are gathered, cleanse them from all their filth by laying them severally in cold water, changing the water daily so long as any filth remains about them; then dry and pound them in a mortar, and dilute them with spirit of urine and spirit of soot, to which add quick lime; digest them together for fourteen days, and they will produce the cudbear fitt for dyers' use; a more solid kind of which may be obtained by continued digestion of the several ingredients for fourteen days more, when it will grow into a paste, and harden like indigo.

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals, the Twenty-sixth day of October, in the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and fifty-eight.


GEORGE GORDON. (L.S.)
CUTHB
T GORDON. (L.S.)
Sealed and delivered (being first duly
stamped), in the presence of us,
  WILLIAM ALEXANDER, junr.  
  MATHEW WADDELL.  

AND BE IT REMEMBRED, that on the Fourteenth day of November, in the thirty-second year of the reign of His Majesty King George the Second, the said George Gordon and Cuthbert Gordon came before our said Lord the King in His Chancery, and acknowledged the Writing aforesaid and every matter and thing therein contained, in form above said. And the said Writing was stamped according to the Statute made in the sixth year of the reign of the late King William and Queen Mary, and so forth.

Inrolled the Seventh day of December, in the thirty-second year of the
reign of His Majesty King George the Second, 1758.


LONDON:
Printed by GEORGE EDWARD EYRE and WlLLIAM SPOTTISWOODE,
Printers to the Queen's most Excellent Majesty. 1856.